AskDefine | Define antidote

Dictionary Definition

antidote n : a remedy that stops or controls the effects of a poison [syn: counterpoison]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From antidotum, from άντίδοτον antidoton "given as a remedy for", verbal adj. of αντιδίδοναι antididonai "give in return", from αντι- anti "against" (confer ante, "before") + δίδοναι didonai "to give".
Compare with Latin antidotum and antidote. See dose.

Pronunciation

IPA: WEAE /ˈæn.tə.dot/

Noun

  1. A remedy to counteract the effects of poison (often followed by "against," "for," or "to").
    She reached the hospital in time to receive the antidote for the snake venom.
  2. Something that counteracts or prevents something harmful.
    We need an antidote for this misinformation.

Translations

References

Webster 1913

French

Etymology

From antidotum.

Pronunciation

Noun

fr-noun m
  1. Antidote

Extensive Definition

An antidote or counterdose is a substance which can counteract a form of poisoning.
Sometimes, the antidote for a particular toxin is manufactured by injecting the toxin into an animal in small doses and the resulting antibodies are extracted from the animals' blood. The venom produced by some snakes, spiders, and other venomous animals is often treatable by the use of these antivenins, although a number do lack one, and a bite or sting from such an animal often results in death. Some animal venoms, especially those produced by arthropods (e.g. certain spiders, scorpions, bees, etc.) are only potentially lethal when they provoke allergic reactions and induce anaphylactic shock; as such, there is no "antidote" for these venoms because it is not a form of poisoning, though anaphylactic shock can be treated (e.g., by the use of epinephrine).
Some other toxins have no known antidote. For example, the poison ricin, which is produced from the waste byproduct of castor oil manufacture, has no antidote, and as a result is often fatal if it enters the human body in sufficient quantities.
Ingested poisons are frequently treated by the oral administration of activated charcoal, which absorbs the poison, and then it is flushed from the digestive tract, removing a large part of the toxin.
Poisons which are injected into the body (such as those from bites or stings from venomous animals) are usually treated by the use of a constriction band which limits the flow of lymph and/or blood to the area, thus slowing circulation of the poison around the body.

Poison and toxic signs

antidote in Bulgarian: Противоотрова
antidote in Czech: Antidota
antidote in Danish: Antidot
antidote in German: Antidot
antidote in Spanish: Antídoto
antidote in French: Antidote
antidote in Ido: Antidoto
antidote in Italian: Antidoto
antidote in Lithuanian: Priešnuodis
antidote in Dutch: Antidote
antidote in Polish: Odtrutka
antidote in Portuguese: Antídoto
antidote in Russian: Противоядие
antidote in Albanian: Antidoti
antidote in Simple English: Antidote
antidote in Swedish: Motgift
antidote in Turkish: Panzehir

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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